- A player who fails his first test will be suspended for 80 games, his second offense will be a suspension of 162 games, and his third suspension will be a banning from baseball. Before, baseball had suspensions of 50 games, 100 games, then a lifetime ban. These harsher penalties will hopefully lower the rate of suspensions.
- The number of urine samples will jump from 1,400 to 3,200.
- Players that get suspended once are subject to nine unannounced tests every season, six urine tests and three blood tests.
- Players who get suspended in a season will not be allowed to participate in that season's postseason. Many were upset following Jhonny Peralta and Nelson Cruz being allowed to participate in last season's postseason following their suspensions.
Here's an excerpt from the MLB's official press release:
Baseball Commissioner Allan H. (Bud) Selig said: "Major League Baseball is proud to announce some of the most significant improvements that we have made to our Program in recent years. Although we had the strongest Program in professional sports before these changes, I am committed to constantly finding ways to improve the Program in order to eradicate performance-enhancing drugs from the game and for MLB to serve as a model for other drug programs. I want to express my appreciation to the Players for being proactive and showing remarkable leadership in producing the new agreement. I commend them for both their foresight and their creativity throughout this process, and for strongly sharing our desire to improve what is already the toughest drug program in sports."
MLBPA Executive Director Tony Clark said: "Experience proves that increased penalties alone are not sufficient; that's why the Players pushed for a dramatic increase in the frequency and sophistication of our tests, as well as comprehensive changes in a number of other areas of the program that will serve as a deterrent. Make no mistake, this agreement underscores the undisputed reality that the Players put forward many of the most significant changes reached in these negotiations because they want a fair and clean game."